versão impressa ISSN 2072-8174
ARCE RAMIREZ, Jorge A.. Perinatal Results in Pregnant Women with Heart Disease at the National Hospital . Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) [online]. 2011, vol.3, n.1, pp.27-34. ISSN 2072-8174.
Introduction: The coexistence of pregnancy and heart disease constitutes a condition of special relevance, transcendence and clinical complexity. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of heart disease in pregnant women and their perinatal outcomes. Methodology: An observational, descriptive, retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted in pregnant women at the Gynecology and Obstetrics Department at the National Hospital between 2005 and 2009. The type and functional classification of the heart disease were determined, obstetric and/or cardiovascular complications, gestational age at the time of delivery, mode of delivery, weight and Apgar score of the newborn, maternal and newborn mortality. Results: The prevalence of heart disease among pregnant women was of 0.25%. Of the 42 encountered heart diseases, 31 were acquired valvular disease and 11 congenital heart diseases. The most frequent lesion was mitral valve disease. Maternal complications appeared in 15 patients, pulmonary edema was among the most frequently found. Among the encountered fetal complications were Respiratory Distress and Intra Uterine Growth Restriction (IUGR). Conclusions: The prevalence of heart disease in pregnancy is 0.25%. The most frequent maternal complication is Pulmonary Edema. The most encountered perinatal complications were Respiratory Distress and Intra Uterine Growth Restriction (IUGR).
Palavras-chave : Cardiovascular Diseases/Pregnancy; Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular; Pregnancy, High-Risk; Pregnancy Outcome; Paraguay.