versão impressa ISSN 2072-8174
GODOY TORALES, GM. Knowledge of Occupational Transmission of HIV and Biosafety Standards IN Healthcare. Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) [online]. 2010, vol.2, n.2, pp.21-29. ISSN 2072-8174.
ABSTRACT Introduction: The knowledge on biosafety and forms of HIV transmission in health care are essential to prevent cross infection and to eradicate discrimination. Objectives: 1. Assess the level of knowledge in health professionals on biosafety standards and modes of transmission of HIV. 2.A ratio level of knowledge over the years of receipt, the profession and the institutions involved. Materials and Methods: Observational study with a cross sectional surveys, conducted in June 2010 at hospital professionals: National Itauguá, Children Ñú Acosta, San Pablo, Clean and Capiatá. Results: Of the 315 participants 103 (32.7%) were physicians, 59 (18.7%) Degree in enf. (Graduates in nursing), 49 (15.6%) Aux. of enf. (Nurse Aide), 10 (3.2%) T. in enf. (technicians, nurses), 7 (2.2%) T. Lab. (Laboratory technicians), 2 (0.6%) T. Dial. (Dialysis Technicians), 12 (3.8%) biochemical, 4 (1.3%) dentists, and 69 (21.9%) did not specify the profession. 114 (36.2%) were considered to have regular level (R), 96 (30.5%), good (B), 73 (23.2%) bad (D), 29 (9.2%) very good (VG) and 3 (1%) Excellent (E). Professionals with 1 to 5 years achieved the highest level of knowledge: 2 (1.7%) E, 15 (13%) MB, 38 (33%) B, 40 (34.8%) R and 20 (17 4%) D. Biochemists, physicians and BA in Enf. managed in a higher proportion of knowledge level MB and E. The T. Dial., dentists, T. Lab., and Aux. of Enf. achieved a level greater extent D. Hospitals are training centers: H. National Children's A. Wildebeest, and Paul, were in greater proportion MB level of knowledge and E. Conclusions:Personal health at serious risk of accident at work has a poor level os knowledge on universal precautions and means of transmission of HIV is required training.
Palavras-chave : Occupational Risks; Occupational Exposure; Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/transmission; Paraguay.