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LEGUIZAMON, R e VEGA BOGADO, ME. Epidemiología de los Accidentes de Transito en el Hospital Nacional. Itauguá Paraguay. Rev. Nac. (Itauguá), dez. 2010, vol.2, no.2, p.7-14. ISSN 2072-8174.

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the epidemiological characteristics of patients with traffic accidents (TA) assisted in the emergency areas of the National Hospital during the month of January 2009 and May 2010. Materials and Methods: Retrospective and prospective epidemiological study. Data were obtained from different sources such as the hospital statistics, medical records, interviews with relatives of cases. Results: we consulted 303 adults and 50 children to traffic accidents. The most common origin was Itaugua and Ita. The prevalence of accidents in January 2009 was 4.8% as in January 2010 in adults, while in children was 0.8%. The most frequent age group was between 13 and 16 years in boys and from 16 to 23 years in adult emergency department. The male was most often on Saturdays and Sundays between 18:00 to 24:00. The type of transport used was motorcycle preference shocks and falls. We could not get data at a rate high on helmet use, alcohol consumption and type of accident. The body regions most affected was the skull and lower limbs. The mortality ranged from 2 to 4%. Conclusions: The predominant traffic accidents were in male young people, occurred at the weekend, involved the use of motorcycle, injuring the cephalic region and lower limbs.The mortality ranged from 2 to 4%.

Palavras-chave: Accidents; traffic/epidemiology; Wounds and Injuries/epidemiology Motorcycles; Mortality; Paraguay.

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