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Revista del Instituto de Medicina Tropical

versão impressa ISSN 1996-3696


ALMIRON, Desirée; MARTINEZ DE CUELLAR, Celia  e  GONZALEZ BRITEZ, Nilsa. Clinical-epidemiological characteristics of patients coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus and visceral leishmaniasis who attend at the Instituto de Medicina Tropical, during the years 2016 to 2020. Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. [online]. 2022, vol.17, n.1, pp.44-51. ISSN 1996-3696.

Co-infection by visceral leishmaniasis and HIV is a global concern due to the progressive rise in recent years, in various regions of the world. The progression of both diseases leads to the deterioration of the immune system, and as a result, to therapeutic failure. The presumed study aims to describe the clinical-epidemiological characteristics of patients co-infected with the human immunodeficiency virus and visceral leishmaniasis who attend the Institute of Tropical Medicine, in the period from 2016 to 2020. It is an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study, using medical records of patients diagnosed with visceral leishmaniasis and HIV. 51 coinfected patients were included, between 19 and 65 years old, 42 male (82.3%); 37 from the Central area. The most frequent clinical findings were a weakness and fever. Most of the patients had a low tCD4 lymphocyte count and high HIV viral load values. Our study contributes to knowing the epidemiological profile of coinfected patients to improve early diagnosis and consequently early medical treatment.

Palavras-chave : leishmaniasis; visceral leishmaniasis; HIV, coinfection.

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