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Revista del Instituto de Medicina Tropical

Print version ISSN 1996-3696

Abstract

MORENO-LEIVA, Cristhian et al. Case Series of Leishmaniasis Detected in Health Centers in the Department of Caaguazu, Paraguay in 2019. Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. [online]. 2021, vol.16, n.1, pp.44-54. ISSN 1996-3696.  https://doi.org/10.18004/imt/2021.16.1.44.

Leishmaniasis is the third most important vector-borne diseases in humans due to the number of cases and the population at risk. In Paraguay, cutaneous leishmaniasis is an endemic disease attributed in almost all cases to Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis. The objective of the article was to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of a series of cases of patients with leishmaniasis in the V department of Caaguazú and nearby departments, epidemiologically endemic. Cases diagnosed in the months of January to December of the year 2019 are reported. The cases occurred in the department of Caaguazú, covering the different districts that make up and nearby departments such as Canindeyú, Alto Paraná and Guaira. Of the registered cases (9 cases) were men and (6 cases) were between 50 and 70 years of age. The lesion was located mainly in the nasal septum in 8 cases, with an evolution of less than 10 years (6 cases) and in 4 cases it left a scar. Only 3 cases completed their treatment. It is suggested to carry out the case report to have an overview of Leishmania cases in Paraguay as a health surveillance of the disease and to locate sources of contagion.

Keywords : Leishmaniasis; Epidemiology; cases.

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