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Revista del Instituto de Medicina Tropical

Print version ISSN 1996-3696

Abstract

MORAN-AYALA, Katia Marcela et al. Vaccination coverage and knowledge about hepatitis B in medical students of Universidad de Pacifico in 2020. Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. [online]. 2021, vol.16, n.1, pp.32-43. ISSN 1996-3696.  https://doi.org/10.18004/imt/2021.16.1.32.

Introduction:

Diseases transmitted by body fluids are recognized as occupational diseases and among the tools available to prevent them, in the case of hepatitis B, is the vaccine. Medical students, because they are constantly exposed to occupational accidents, must have full knowledge about the disease, and have the complete vaccination schedule.

Objective:

To determine the vaccination coverage and knowledge about hepatitis B in students of the sixth year of medicine at the Universidad de Pacífico in 2020.

Methodology:

Cross-sectional descriptive observational study. A survey designed in google form was applied. The questionnaire included demographic data, coverage of the hepatitis B vaccine and reasons for non-vaccination, in addition to 12 questions about knowledge of hepatitis B. Descriptive statistics and the chi-square test were used to establish association between variables at a significance level of 0.05.

Results:

112 students participated in the study, 72.3% female, 86.6% single, 85.0% between 20 and 25 years, 61.9% of the students reported having full coverage of the hepatitis B vaccine. The reasons for not being vaccinated were lack of interest (32.6%) and ignorance of places where vaccines are available (20.9%). 64% of the students had sufficient knowledge which it was associated with full coverage of the hepatitis B vaccine.

Conclusion:

A significant proportion of students had all three doses of the hepatitis B vaccine. The level of knowledge about the infection was fair.

Keywords : Hepatitis B; vaccine; knowledge; immunization; medical students.

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