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Revista del Instituto de Medicina Tropical

Print version ISSN 1996-3696


BENITEZ-ESPINOLA, Gloria Noemí  and  RIOS-GONZALEZ, Carlos Miguel. Prevalence of herpes simplex virus (HSV) in pregnant women from a referral hospital in Paraguay, 2019. Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. [online]. 2020, vol.15, n.1, pp.37-44. ISSN 1996-3696.


Herpes, caused by the herpes simplex virus whose virus remains within the nerve endings once acquired and has recurrences that are triggered by stress, trauma, etc.


Determine the prevalence of Herpes simplex virus in pregnant women of a Reference Hospital of Paraguay during 2019

Materials and method:

Observational, descriptive cross-sectional study on the prevalence of HSV in pregnant women. They were included in the pregnant study who go to the gynecology and obstetrics department with STORCH (toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex and HIV) among their files. The results are presented in proportion rate.


The prevalence of Herpes simplex virus in pregnant women who attend the Gynecology and Obstetrics service was 32.5% (54), n = 166, 37% (20) were between 25 and 29 years, 68.5% (37) came from the Urban Zone, 48% (26) were single. 59.2% (32) reached a secondary level of study, 29.6% (16) reached 3 prenatal controls, 75.92% (41) were gestational age less than 20 weeks, 42.5% (23) were in their second pregnancy, 61.1% (33) had no vaginal birth before, 27.7% (15) had 1 vaginal, 88.8% (48) had no history of abortion, 11.1% (6) had a history of abortion, 57.4% (31) had no history of Caesarean section.


It was observed that the prevalence of the HSV in pregnant women was 32.5% (54) of a total of 166 pregnant women who entered the study, it was seen more in pregnant women between 25 and 39 years old, in single women who came from a greater percentage of urban areas, with a level In the study reached until secondary school, the majority of pregnant women carrying the virus performed 3 prenatal controls.

Keywords : herpes simplex virus; pregnant women; prenatal check; prevalence; Paraguay.

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