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Revista del Instituto de Medicina Tropical

Print version ISSN 1996-3696

Abstract

RAMOS, Pasionaria et al. Good Manufacturing Practices and Risk Factors During the Handling of Foods in the Municipal Markets of the Department of Caaguazú (2015-2016). Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. [online]. 2017, vol.12, n.2, pp.31-37. ISSN 1996-3696.  https://doi.org/10.18004/imt/201712231-37.

Food directly affects human health. In markets, high-demand and high-consumption food products are made and sold. The objective of this work was to describe good manufacturing practices and risk factors during food handling in the Municipal Markets of the Department of Caaguazú, in the years 2015 and 2016. The study was descriptive observational cross-sectional and prospective. The sample consisted of 5 markets, in which 66 food handlers and 39 gastronomic establishments were selected to participate in the study. For the collection of GMP-related data, a checklist was drawn up and validated containing 176 variables grouped into 14 sections, with the same instrument also identifying risk factors. The results showed the following information. The risk factors observed in food handlers were: incorrectly defrosted food with 98.46% (n = 64), incorrectly tested food 85.25% (n = 52) and non-use of the complete uniform of light and clean color 83.33% (n = 55). In the establishments, the observed risk factors were in greater percentage were: the form of disposition of the garbage, it performs incorrectly the 84, 88.3% (n = 36) and food not separately stored properly, 92.31% (n = 36) did not perform the washing of can openers between each use. It was concluded in general in the Municipal Markets of the Department of Caaguazú during the years 2015 - 2016, the good manufacturing practices were not known and applied, being observed some risk factors such as the form of thawing the food, the way in which test foods, how to dispose of trash and wash can openers between each use.

Keywords : BPM; risk factors; food security.

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