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Revista del Instituto de Medicina Tropical

versão impressa ISSN 1996-3696


VAZQUEZ, Cynthia et al. Genetic Evolution of the Influenza A (H1N1)pdm09 Virus in Paraguay 2009-2016. Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. [online]. 2017, vol.12, n.2, pp.3-13. ISSN 1996-3696.

A triple reassortant strain of Influenza A virus emerged in 2009, leading to a pandemic that reached Paraguay by June the same year. In order to investigate the genetic evolution of influenza A (H1N1)pdm09 virus in Paraguay, we analized the nucleotide sequences of the Hemagglutinin gene of 20 Influenza A (H1N1)pdm09 strains, isolated at the Paraguayan National Influenza Centre between 2009 and 2016, and sequenced at the PAHO/WHO Collaborating Center in Atlanta, USA. Phylogenetic analysis shows the circulation of at least 5 well-differentiated genetic groups of Influenza A (H1N1) pdm09 in Paraguay since 2009. Only the viruses isolated in 2016 belong to genetic subgroup 6B.1, the same as the current vaccine strain A/Michigan/45/2015, recommended for the Southern hemisphere since 2017. The viruses circulated previous years belong to groups antigenically indistinguishable from the previous vaccine strain A/California/7/2009. No significant differences were found in sequences of the viruses, related to clinical severity or geographic distribution. The results of this study reaffirm the need for systematic virological surveillance to guide the establishment of adequate strategies for the prevention and control of influenza.

Palavras-chave : Vaccine strain; phylogeny; virological surveillance..

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