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Revista del Instituto de Medicina Tropical

Print version ISSN 1996-3696


BENITEZ-ALFONSO, Rossana Maribel; PAIVA, Cynthia Lorenza  and  MARTINEZ-GUTIERREZ, Giselle. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices on the Prevention of HIV and Syphilis Indigenous, Dr. Juan Eulogio Estigarribia District, 2014. Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. [online]. 2016, vol.11, n.1, pp.35-44. ISSN 1996-3696.

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) like HIV. Both diseases are health problems today, with significant morbidity and mortality in younger segments of the population, causing considerable social costs. Indigenous communities are vulnerable to infection, as are remote, marginalized, with little knowledge on these diseases. One of the pillars of health care must be based on prevention, which is why the aim of the study was to determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices on HIV and syphilis prevention indigenous District Dr. Juan Eulogio Estigarribia from September to November 2014. The investigation was descriptive of cross-sectional and prospective. The sample consisted of 214 indigenous people between 15 and 30 years of the communities of Nueva Esperanza and Mbarigui. The data collection was conducted through surveys. According to the data, the level of knowledge of indigenous people regarding HIV and Syphilis was insufficient in a regular 43.93% and 21.96%. Indigenous people have negative attitudes; 49.53% answered strongly disagree about having sex with the same person; 46.26% strongly disagreed with that woman is the requesting condom use, whereas 35.51% said they strongly agree that condom use reduces sexual satisfaction. As for the prevention of these diseases, 35.05% of indigenous said performing preventive practices on a regular and adequate in 35.98%. It is recommended that health professionals conducting educational talks to indigenous communities, because prevention is based on education.

Keywords : HIV; syphilis; prevention; indigenous; sex education.

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