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Revista del Instituto de Medicina Tropical

Print version ISSN 1996-3696


ARAYA, Soraya et al. Predictors of mortality in community-acquired pneumonia requiring hospitalization in children. Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. [online]. 2014, vol.9, n.1, pp.21-26. ISSN 1996-3696.

Objective: To identify predictors of mortality in CAP in children requiring hospitalization. Method: observational study, which included patients (pacientes) <16 years who were hospitalized between 2004-2008 by the NAC, distributed into two groups depending on whether they died or survived hospitalization. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, and outcome variables were compared. Comorbidity was defined in 3 categories: I (overweight, DCP I), II (congenital heart disease, Down Sx) and III (HIV, blood cancer, severe malnutrition). Univariate and multivariate analysis. Results: 341 pts were hospitalized with CAP (mean age 33.6 + 34.8 months), of which 37 (11%) died. The age <6 months (RR 0.12, CI 0.03 to 0.47, p = 0.006), presence of comorbidity II and III (RR 0.25, CI 0.14 to 0.45, p = 0.00003), hypotension (RR 0.05, CI 0.03 to 0.11, p = 0.00001), seizures (RR 0.20, CI 0.10 to 0.39, p <0.05) or Glasgow <12 (RR 0.02, CI 0.01-0.05, p = 0.00001) on admission were correlated with higher mortality. Laboratorial, the presence of GB <4000 (RR 0.21, CI 0.07 to 0.07, p = 0.02), pH <7.2, HCO3 <15 (RR 0.02, CI 0.01-0.06, p = 0.00001), O2 saturation <90% (RR 0.2, CI from 0.11 to 0.36, p = 0.0007), hyponatremia (RR 0.1, CI 0.04 to 0.23, p <0.05), and multilobar involvement were significantly more frequent in patients who died (RR 0.06, CI .02-.17, p <0005). During the clinical course, the risk of dying was correlated with the need for ARM and presence of renal insufficiency. (RR 0.04, CI 0.02-0.07, p = 0.0001) Conclusions. The mortality in CAP who are hospitalized is significant. Have been identified predisposing conditions, demographic, clinical, and developmental cabinet that are highly predictive of mortality

Keywords : overweight; DCP I; pediatrics.

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