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Revista del Instituto de Medicina Tropical

Print version ISSN 1996-3696

Abstract

MORENO, Corina. Epidemiology clinical and laboratory for snake bites in patients hospitalized. Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. [online]. 2011, vol.6, n.1, pp.23-27. ISSN 1996-3696.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiological, clinical and laboratory of the snakebite accidents in children and adults of both genders who were hospitalized in the Institute of Tropical Medicine in the period January 2009 to February 2010.Materiales Methods: Retrospective, observational, transverse section. Results and Conclusion: From a total of 126 cases of snakebite accidents. The males had higher prevalence 71.4% (90/126), aged between 10-19 years to 23.3% (29/126). The most frequent cases in 2009 February was 16% (20/126) and 2010 January 14% (14/126). What differs with the study of Vera, Caceres Paez and Gamarra, Paraguay it was found that the months with the highest incidence of snakebite accidents is March and abril. 8 regard to the health region the department with more cases was Cordillera with 26.2% (33/126). The genus Bothrops sp. was responsible for the increased frequency of accidents. The most common clinical manifestations were local: 37% (45% / 126) Edema and 28% (37/126) pain. The most obvious complications were 33% (8 / 24) acute renal failure, 29% (7 / 22) anemia, 13% (3 / 24) Disseminated intravascular coagulation, 13% (3 / 24) Necrosis, 8% (2 / 24) Cellulite and 4% (1 / 24) abscesses. Regarding laboratory data, we observed that 75% (95/126) of prothrombin time values were decreased 59% (74/126) Partial Prothrombin Time increased to 64% (81/126) Fibrinogen decreased. While, 70.6% (89/126) of urea and 54.5% (67/123) of creatinine was within normal limits

Keywords : snakebite accidents; Brothrops sp; Crotalus sp.

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