Revista del Instituto de Medicina Tropical
versión impresa ISSN 1996-3696
Background: Introduction: Opportunistic infections occurring in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have numerous etiologies. Initially opportunistic pathogens associated with AIDS were protozoa and fungal organisms, but at present have increased bacterial infections in patients infected with HIV. Materials and methods: This is a descriptive, retrospective, cross-sectional, non-probability, in a review of the medical records of PLWHA admitted to the Institute of Tropical Medicine (IMT) from January 2009 to December 2010.Results: In the period January 2010 to March 2011 have been analyzed 478 medical records of PLWHA admitted to the Department of Adult Medical Clinic Institute of Tropical Medicine which accounted for 25% of admissions to the institution for that period. 28 records were discarded for not having enough data for this study, the 450 stories analyzed 173 coursed with bacterial infection. The ratio was 1.8 men for every woman, it is unknown sexual orientation is not relevant to this study, as well as active drug treatment. Of the 450 patients analyzed, 173 (38.5%) patients had acute bacterial infections. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was isolated in one case of meningitis (1 / 5, 20%) .52 patients (30%) had concomitant bacterial infections 2 or more simultaneous. Symptoms include fever was found in 75% of patients. The bacterial isolation occurred in 87 patients (50.28%) Conclusion: Bacterial infections are common in aggregate on PLWHA admitted to infectious diseases reference services. Inflammatory diarrhea and pneumonia are the leading causes of hospitalization followed by primary peritonitis. The germs that cause bacterial infections are Gram-negative bacteria
Palabras clave : AIDS; Gram negative bacteria; infections.