Revista del Instituto de Medicina Tropical
versão impressa ISSN 1996-3696
ALARCON, Cristina e CARDOZO, Miguel Ángel. Disseminated Coccidioidomycosis as the First Manifestation of AIDS in a Patient who Resides in a Non-Endemic Area. Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. [online]. 2010, vol.5, n.2, pp.16-22. ISSN 1996-3696.
Background: From 1987, disseminated coccidioidomycosis is one of the AIDS-defining illnesses. Since then, the reported prevalence has ranged from 0.2 to 0.3% in AIDS patients from endemic areas, a proportion similar to that seen in people without HIV infection,however, in patients with impaired immune function, the infection presented in a more severe, with mortality exceeding 60% despite the diagnosis and treatment. A report of a patient with coccidioidomycosis and infection by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), residing in a non-endemic area, in which disseminated coccidioidomycosis presented reactivation of the infection and was the initial manifestation of AIDS.
Palavras-chave : immune function; diagnosis; treatment.