Revista del Instituto de Medicina Tropical
versión impresa ISSN 1996-3696
SAN MIGUEL, María Cristina et al. Prevalence of toxoplasmosis and Chagas disease in patients with HIV / AIDS. Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. [online]. 2010, vol.5, n.2, pp.10-15. ISSN 1996-3696.
At present more than two million people living with HIV / AIDS (PLWA) in Latin America, and a hundred thousand deaths from causes related to this disease, which makes the region the world's third highest rate of mortality related to this disease. This study was observational, prospective, cross sectional analytical elements. Nonprobabilit sampling of consecutive cases, which included patients over 16 years with HIV / AIDS who access the realization of the dosage of antibodies to toxoplasmosis and Chagas disease. In a sample of 53 PLWA, 56,6% were male, mean age 37,83 ± 10,02 years. 36 people were outpatients and 17 inpatients. The results obtained suggest that a screening for antibodies to Chagas IgG in HIV patients is justified because 10 patients we have, one is positive. The ELISA method an inexpensive, fast and with an acceptable effectiveness can be used in screening both toxoplasmosis and Chagas. Possible complications, mentioned above, justify the use of these ancillary methods of diagnosis in all our patients PLWA.
Palabras clave : laboratory; PLWA; tropical infection.