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Anales de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas (Asunción)

Print version ISSN 1816-8949


ORTIZ GALEANO, Ignacio  and  CHIRICO, César Erasmo. Frequency of Metabolic Syndrome and its components in young patients of the Ambulatory Care of the First Department of Internal Medicine, Clínicas Hospital. An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) [online]. 2022, vol.55, n.2, pp.40-46. ISSN 1816-8949.


Metabolic syndrome is highly prevalent in the adult population and includes a set of risk factors for the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus and ischemic heart disease.


To determine the frequency, most frequent components and the difference of the measurements between men and women of Metabolic Syndrome in young patients of the ambulatory of the First Chair of Medical Clinic of the Hospital of Clinics.

Materials and methods:

Observational, descriptive, retrospective cross-sectional design, which included adult patients aged 18 to 40 who consulted in the outpatient clinic of the First Chair of Medical Clinic of the Hospital de Clínicas from January to December 2019. The demographic variables (age, sex, origin), waist circumference, blood pressure, HDL-C, triglycerides and glycemia. Metabolic syndrome was determined according to the NCEP-ATP III definitions.


312 patients were included in the study, the mean age was 27.5 ± 6.2 years, in males it was 27.4 ± 6.6 years and in females 27.9 ± 6.4. years. 10.5% of the patients met the criteria for the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome, of which 60.6% patients are female. The most frequent individual components are increased waist circumference and low HDL-C.


Frequency of metabolic syndrome similar to another study carried out in young adults and lower than in older adults, more in women than in men and the most frequent individual components were obesity and dyslipidemia.

Keywords : Metabolic syndrome; obesity; dyslipidemia; hypertension; diabetes mellitus; young adults..

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