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Anales de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas (Asunción)

versão impressa ISSN 1816-8949


SANTACRUZ, Ethel et al. Patterns of physical activity and sedentary behaviors in adolescents aged 13 to 15 in Paraguay. An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) [online]. 2021, vol.54, n.3, pp.17-24. ISSN 1816-8949.


Insufficient physical activity is one of the main public health problems globally. Teen behavior patterns and lifestyle may affect their physical and mental health.


The objective of this study was to know the patterns of physical activity and sedentary behaviors in the adolescent population nationwide.

Materials and methods:

A quantitative, observational, descriptive cross-sectional study, the questionnaire of the Global School Health Survey was applied in school adolescents of the eighth and ninth grades of the 3rd cycle of Basic School Education and the 1st, 2nd and 3rd year of Secondary Education in 49 schools and colleges in the country. 1,803 students aged 13 to 15 years were included in this study.


27% of adolescents between the ages of 13 and 15 in Paraguay are active, being significantly higher in men than in women (p-value 0.000) and 22% are inactive more frequently in women than in men (p-value 0.000). It was observed that 33.5% of the adolescents had sedentary behavior, 43.4% of the adolescents did not use active displacement to attend school. Adolescents who did not participate in physical education classes at school accounted for 15.6%.


Although 27% of adolescents between the ages of 13 and 15 are active, the large percentage of inactive adolescents with sedentary behavior is worrying.

Palavras-chave : adolescents; physical activity, sedentary behavior, active displacement, school environment, Paraguay..

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