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Anales de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas (Asunción)

versión impresa ISSN 1816-8949

Resumen

MACHAIN, Gustavo Miguel et al. Predictors of Choledocholithiasis in patients with symptomatic gallstones treated in the II General Surgery Service of Clinica´s Hospital, San Lorenzo, year 2017-2019. An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) [online]. 2021, vol.54, n.1, pp.101-108. ISSN 1816-8949.  https://doi.org/10.18004/anales/2021.054.01.101.

Symptomatic gallstones can occur associated with lithiasis of the main bile duct, requiring the use of adequate diagnostic tools for subsequent treatment. In this paper, we suggest using the guidelines of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE), that uses factors such as age, liver tests, and ultrasound findings, categorizing patients as those with low, intermediate, and high probability. of choledocholithiasis. A Retrospective, observational, descriptive, cross-sectional design study, with a non-probabilistic sampling of consecutive cases, on patients with a diagnosis of symptomatic gallstones and suspected stones of the main bile duct admitted to the the 2nd Surgical Department and Service of Clinica´s Hospital of San Lorenzo, between the years 2017 to 2019. With the following results; of a total of 339 patients with the diagnosis of symptomatic gallstones, 6.64% had associated choledocholithiasis. Regarding the very strong predictors of choledocholithiasis, the most frequent (68.6%) was the total bilirubin level ≥ 4mg / dl; 70.6% had a dilated main bile duct as a strong predictor; as a moderate predictor, 84.3% had altered liver enzymes. In conclusion, it was possible to identify that most of the patients presented a high probability of choledocholithiasis and the action taken was to first perform an endoscopic retrograde cholangiography, for therapeutic purposes, and then cholecystectomy, corresponding to the correct management established by current international guidelines.

Palabras clave : Choledocholithiasis; manegement; predictor..

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