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Anales de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas (Asunción)

Print version ISSN 1816-8949


TORALES, Julio Cesar et al. CAPE Vulnerability Index: Compassion, Assertive Action, Pragmatism and Evidence - Version for Latin America and the Caribbean (CAPE VI - LAC) “Globalisation, conflict, climate change, natural disasters: putting mental health into foreign policy”. An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) [online]. 2021, vol.54, n.1, pp.21-50. ISSN 1816-8949.


The CAPE Vulnerability Index is a global foreign policy index that identifies the countries to be prioritise for foreign aid. It offers an evidenced, structured and reasoned approach to using aid in bi-lateral agreements with mental health as a foundation. The present version is specifically design for Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region, which comprises of 33 countries.


To identify the countries to be prioritized for foreign aid, through the LAC version of the CAPE Vulnerability Index (CAPE VI-LAC).

Materials and methods:

Like with the CAPE Vulnerability Index global version we consider various indices or measures at country level that indicate health status or what may influence health. For the analysis we score the worst 20 countries. We used 26 internationally available and validated indicators to explore and perform the analysis.


The figures and map show the 32 countries that featured in the worst 20 in at least one indicator and also the worst 12 within the CAPE VI-LAC as a whole. Of the 33 LAC countries only St Kitts and Nevis did not feature in any of the worst 20 countries at any time.


What we can conclude with a great degree of certainty that the worst 12 scoring countries are possibly fragile states; countries where the Governments do not have complete control or authority, are often repressive and corrupt, participate in serious human rights abuses and are characterised by political instability of various forms, disadvantage by the extremes of climate changes, extreme poverty, inequality, social and ethnic divisions, unable to provide basic services and suffer from pockets of insurgency in the form of terrorism, which are often violent and brutal. Governments, aid donors, regional organizations, and mental health professionals and associations should work together in order to address these situations.

Keywords : Policy; foreign aid; failed state; fragile state; vulnerability; index..

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