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Anales de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas (Asunción)

versión impresa ISSN 1816-8949


ROSSI, Mirta Jacqueline et al. Screening for psychiatric disorders and patterns of substance use in Medicine students. An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) [online]. 2020, vol.53, n.3, pp.41-52. ISSN 1816-8949.

There are several mental disorders that are related to the consumption of alcohol and other drugs, a number of people develop an evolutionary pattern of abuse, whether it is persistent or sporadic, it produces clinically significant disturbances or limitations with various manifestations at home, school and the job. The frequency and association between psychiatric disorders, patterns of substance use and socio-demographic variables in medical students of the National University of Asunción was determined. The study design was observational, analytical, cross-sectional. The population consisted of 626 medical students from the first to the fifth year, who were selected by a non-probabilistic convenience sampling. 3 questionnaires were applied that covered three aspects: sociodemographic data, drug abuse and psychiatric diagnosis. The data was analyzed using GNU Perfect Statistics Professionally Presented and Epi Info. It was concluded that the most frequent disorder was Drug Abuse Disorder, followed by Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and Major Depressive Disorder. The most used substance was alcohol, followed by tobacco and marijuana. The latter was the only one that was associated with all substances. Alcohol consumption was associated with OCD, Social Phobia and Anxiety; Benzodiazepine users had a higher risk of Depressive Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Bulimia, Panic, Agoraphobia, Anxiety and Somatization Disorder. The implementation of preventive education policies is recommended, as well as prospective studies to evaluate causal relationships in the associations found.

Palabras clave : Substance-Related Disorders; Mental Disorders; Alcohol Drinking in College..

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