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Anales de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas (Asunción)

versión impresa ISSN 1816-8949

Resumen

MORALES, Lelis Noelia  y  ROTELA, Claudia Adriana. Types of disabilities in a community of Caazapá. An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) [online]. 2019, vol.52, n.3, pp.69-76. ISSN 1816-8949.  https://doi.org/10.18004/anales/2019.052.03.69-076.

Introduction:

Disability is not a disease, it is a condition, it includes physical and attitudinal barriers that prevent full and effective participation on equal terms with others.

Objectives:

Determine the types, degrees and etiology of the disability.

Materials and methods:

Descriptive, cross-sectional observational study where 68 adults with disabilities of the people of the community of San Juan Nepomuceno, Department of Caazapá were studied.

Results:

54% of motor disability, 12% of sensory disability, 21% of multidisability were registered. Depending on the degree of dependence, 32% are independent, 32% moderate dependence and 24% severe dependence. The origin of the disability, due to illness 47%, birth 46% and accidents 7%.

Discussion:

In the study, motor disability predominates, followed by multidisability, the condition of poverty links the degree of disability, observing a greater proportion of physical dependence. The origin that prevails is that acquired very close to that of congenital origin. Almost a third of people do not have schooling, exacerbating their vulnerability.

Palabras clave : disability; restriction for participation; poverty; Barthel index..

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