SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.52 número3Manejo in útero de teratoma sacrocoxigeo y resección postnatalFactores de insatisfacción al alta de un servicio de Clínica Médica del Paraguay índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Revista

Articulo

Indicadores

  • No hay articulos citadosCitado por SciELO

Links relacionados

  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO

Compartir


Anales de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas (Asunción)

versión impresa ISSN 1816-8949

Resumen

MEDINA, Cristina; SANABRIA, Marta  y  SAMUDIO, Margarita. The variability in feeding patterns of pre-schoolers living in Asunción, from families with high socioeconomic status and the relation with their nutritional status. An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) [online]. 2019, vol.52, n.3, pp.25-36. ISSN 1816-8949.  https://doi.org/10.18004/anales/2019.052.03.25-036.

Introduction:

Food diversity can be used to measure the quality of the feeding habits. It has a positive association with diet quality and constitutes an important factor to reach the nutritional requirements.

Objectives:

Assess the variability in feeding patterns of pre-schoolers living in Asunción, from families with high socioeconomic status and the relation with their nutritional status.

Methodology:

Observational, transversal in time, qualitative study. The researchers evaluated children from 2-6 years of age, from families with high socioeconomic status living in Asunción, from September to October of 2014, using antromopetric measures and two questionnaires applied in direct interview format: the first one with demographic data and the second one with a list of locally available food. The nutritional status and its relation with food diversity were assessed, measuring frequency. World’s Health Organization’s Software Anthro 3.2 was used for anthropometric evaluation.

Results:

In total, 67 children were included in the study, mainly female. 89,5% of the patient’s mother had concluded tertiary education. 63% of patients were well-nourished and 31,5% had excess weight (overweight and obese). 19% were in risk of stumpting and 1,5% were in the range of stumpting. A total of 172 food varieties were found, distributed in 9 groups, the mean quantity of food varieties consumed by children was of 69,19 (CI: 95%, 63,79-74,59), ranging from 28 to 126 food varieties. Significant differences were not found in Body Mass Index and food diversity; but a statistically significant relation was found between food diversity and height.

Conclusion:

Low variability in feeding patterns was found in children with high socioeconomic status. There was a significant relation between food diversity and the child’s height.

Palabras clave : diet; food diversity; pre-schooler; feeding pattern..

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )