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Anales de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas (Asunción)

Print version ISSN 1816-8949

Abstract

REAL DELOR, Raúl; LOPEZ IBARRA, Fátima; SEGOVIA BENITEZ, Diego  and  LOPEZ ESQUIVEL, Nelson. Cardiovascular risk factors and electrocardiographic anomalies in university students from Itá, Paraguay. An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) [online]. 2019, vol.52, n.2, pp.23-34. ISSN 1816-8949.  https://doi.org/10.18004/anales/2019.052(02)23-034.

Introduction:

The determination of cardiovascular risk factors should be carried out in early life stages such as university age. The purpose of this is to identify modifiable factors, especially at early ages of life.

Objectives:

To determine the frequency of anthropometric alterations, arterial hypertension, hyperglycemia, smoking habit, sedentary lifestyle, alcohol intake and electrocardiographic alterations in the students of the Gran Asunción University (Itá, Paraguay) in the years 2017 and 2018.

Materials and methods:

Prospective observational study carried out in males and females, over 18 years old, students of all university careers, who attended the university in the years 2017 and 2018. A clinical and electrocardiographic examination was performed with informed consent. Descriptive statistics was applied for the description of the variables.

Results:

One hundred twenty one women were included (average age 21±4 years) and 62 men (average age 20±3 years). The following frequencies were found: overweight 27%, obesity 14%, increased abdominal circumference 26%, conicity index increased 45%, hypertension 18%, sedentary lifestyle 80%, smoking habit 0.5% and alcohol intake 15%. The electrocardiographic anomalies were detected in 19%, with sinus bradycardia being the most frequent. Two cases of prolonged QTc syndrome were detected in asymptomatic patients.

Conclusion:

The most frequent cardiovascular risk factors were sedentary lifestyle, overweight and high blood pressure. Electrocardiographic abnormalities were detected in 19%, with sinus bradycardia being the most frequent.

Keywords : young adult; hypertension; diabetes mellitus; overweight; obesity; smoking; alcoholism; electrocardiography..

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