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Anales de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas (Asunción)

Print version ISSN 1816-8949


SAN MARTIN, Víctor; CABALLERO, Andrea; CAMACHO, Cintia  and  GIMENEZ, Belén. The University Extension as a tool to improve knowledge of patients with diabetes and hypertension. An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) [online]. 2018, vol.51, n.3, pp.69-74. ISSN 1816-8949.


Chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the main causes of death in the world, which corresponds to 26% of deaths in our country and its prevalence has increased by 10% in the last 15 years. The way to prevent and control CNCDs is through a global and integrated action. The university extension is a transformative pedagogical process in which students and teachers can influence the lifestyles of the population through community intervention projects.


The project was developed in 3 phases; the first phase of diagnosis and first survey on knowledge of NCDs, the second of intervention and a third where a second survey was applied.


The project was extended in 2017 with 4 visits. Giving as results the following data demographic partners: 36 stable families, 59 inhabitants correspond to the feminine gender and 54 to the masculine. 97% are Paraguayan. 38.5% finished primary school. In the male sex, the profession was 34.6% employees, 18.6% merchant; in the female sex, it was household chores 63.4%. The male head of household dominates the male sex by 75%. The predominant pathology in adults is that of HTN. After applying the educational interventions, it was possible to improve the knowledge about diabetes from the level of bad knowledge to regular and regarding hypertension, the level of knowledge increased from regular to good.


Patients improved their knowledge about CNCDs, which is why the benefit of the intervention was demonstrated through this university extension project.

Keywords : noncommunicable chronic diseases; diabetes; hypertension; university extension.

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