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Anales de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas (Asunción)

Print version ISSN 1816-8949

Abstract

ARZA INSFRAN, Ester Alexandra et al. Double burden of malnutrition in mothers and children under five years of age in two indugenous communities of the Central Departament. An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) [online]. 2018, vol.51, n.3, pp.53-60. ISSN 1816-8949.  https://doi.org/10.18004/anales/2018.051(03)53-060.

Introduction:

Due to migration and urbanization, the indigenous population is exposed to changes in eating habits and activities, adopting a western diet and lifestyle, and can generate malnutrition in them, both by excess and by lack.

Objective:

To determine the frequency of the double burden of malnutrition in the mother-child binomial under five years of age of two indigenous communities of the Central Department.

Materials and Methods:

Cross-sectional design in which anthropometric surveys and measurements were conducted on 42 mothers and their children (60 children under five years of age). To determine the nutritional status of the child, the WHO / 2007 curves were used. Descriptive statistics were used to present the results and the protocol was approved by the IEC Ethics Committee (333/17V2).

Results:

26.3 years was the average age of the mothers, the predominant diagnoses in them were overweight (35.7%) and obesity (30.9%), in addition 80.1% presented some cardiometabolic risk according to the circumference of waist. In relation to children, the average age was 24 months, diagnoses were global malnutrition (15%), acute malnutrition (8.8%), malnutrition due to excess (53%) and chronic malnutrition (33.3%) and according to the cranial circumference, 52.8% were found to be eutrophic. There was the same proportion of eutrophic and chronically malnourished children with mothers with excess malnutrition.

Conclusion:

Half of the eutrophic children have mothers with excess malnutrition and, like the other half, children with chronic malnutrition, so there was no tendency for a double burden of malnutrition in the home.

Keywords : Indigenous people; malnutrition; mother-child binomial; double burden..

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