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Anales de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas (Asunción)

Print version ISSN 1816-8949

Abstract

CHAPARRO, Alfredo. Laparoscopic Post-sites Infections by Atypical Mycobacteria. An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) [online]. 2018, vol.51, n.3, pp.33-40. ISSN 1816-8949.  https://doi.org/10.18004/anales/2018.051(03)33-040.

Introduction:

Atypical Mycobacteria contaminates water, soil and surgical sets letting them to cause infections in people independent of their immunological status. Mycobacterium Abscessus Complex species frequently cause laparoscopic port sites infections turning about natural outcome in complex and hard to treat issues.

Materials and Methods:

Consecutive cases of patients affected with laparoscopic port sites infections by Atypical Mycobacterias are described. Etiological, clinical and therapeutic features are exposed.

Results:

Eleven patients acquired laparoscopic port site infections, all of them were consecutively operated at the same surgical background. Wrong proceedings in disinfection of laparoscopic devices were the causes. All of the surgeries were performed in a 43 days gap. Ten to fourteen months follow up is recorded. Fistulae was the most frequent lesion followed by nodules and pseudo tumors. Systemic symptoms like fever and nocturnal sweating were present in six patients. Rapid growing Mycobacterias were isolated by culture and labeled as M. Abscessus, M. Bolletii and M. Massiliense. Sensibility for antibiotics was tested and it commands therapeutic. Claritromicyn and Ciprofloxacyn were the most used antibiotics.

Conclusions:

Disinfection procedures there must be carefully controlled. Early and aggressive treatment have to be the rule.

Keywords : Atypical Mycobacterias Infections; Mycobacterium Abscesssus; Laparoscopic port site infections; Atypical Mycobacterias outbreaks..

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