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Anales de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas (Asunción)

Print version ISSN 1816-8949


TORALES, Julio et al. Physical exercise as an adjuvant treatment of mental disorders. A narrative review. An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) [online]. 2018, vol.51, n.3, pp.27-32. ISSN 1816-8949.

Physical exercise can be an important part of the management of people with psychiatric illnesses, since a considerable number of longitudinal and cross-sectional studies has shown that it constitutes a preventive strategy and an adjuvant approach to the treatment of mental disorders. In that sense, it has been demonstrated that the most effective forms of physical exercise are aerobic exercises (such as walking, jogging, cycling, swimming, among others) and strengthening. The aim of this article is to present a general update about physical exercise as an adjuvant treatment of mental disorders. This is a narrative review, not systematic, focused on primary literature selected from a search in PubMed, SciELO and LILACS. The key terms used were: “physical exercise and mental health”, “physiotherapy and mental health”, “physical exercise and mental disorders” and “physical exercise and psychiatry.” These articles were supplemented with books and book chapters, highlighting duplicate findings. All members of the research team participated in the review of the literature. Although there are excellent studies and reviews that analyze in detail the role of physical exercise in the specific treatment of some mental disorders, it was considered that a more general revision was needed to provide guidance to psychiatrists and physiotherapists in this field of integration of physical and mental health.

Keywords : Physical exercise; adjuvant treatment; mental disorders..

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