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Anales de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas (Asunción)

versión impresa ISSN 1816-8949


PINEDA, MG et al. Frequency of fatty liver nonalcoholic diagnosed by abdominal ultrasound in patients obese. An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) [online]. 2017, vol.50, n.2, pp.35-50. ISSN 1816-8949.

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a complication associated with obesity, due to excessive accumulation of fat in the liver. In order to determine the frequency of NAFLD diagnosed by abdominal ultrasound in patients attending the unit Comprehensive Patient Management Obese the Hospital of Clinics, FCM - UNA, a retrospective observational study involving performed in 188 patients, of which 146 were women and 42 men, average age in patients with NAFLD diagnosis was 41,3±11,4 years with an age range of 20 - 65 years. The results indicate the frequency of NAFLD with 56,9% (n=107) for abdominal ultrasound, being 39,9% (n=75) women and 17% (n=32) were men, while 43,1% (n=81) presented liver normal. 43.9% (n=47) of patients with NAFLD showed grade III obesity. By comparing the abdominal circumference in 107 patients with NAFLD an average of 139,1±97,8 cm was obtained. With respect to the degree of steatosis 43,1% (n=81) showed grade 0, 31,9% (n=60) grade 1, 20,7% (n=39) grade 2 and 4,3% (n=8) grade 3 were observed in laboratory data GPT transaminases elevation of 35,5% (n=38), 25.2% (n=27) in the GOT and 24,3% (n=26) FA, increased values of direct and indirect bilirubin, 65,4% (n = 70) BD and 69.2% (n=74) BI was noted, moreover 47,7% (n=51) CT taught high, 49% (n=45,7) decreased HDL, 36,4% (n=39) high LDL and 29% (n=31) with elevated triglycerides. It was found that 69,1% (n=74) of patients with NAFLD have hypertension. When comparing the variables mentioned among patients with and without NAFLD, he threw the GPT, GOT transaminases and triglycerides were at higher levels in patients with NAFLD. It was evident that obesity is a determining factor NAFLD development, characterization of liver and lipid profile, blood pressure also are key points to associate these increased with the presence of NAFLD.

Palabras clave : Nonalcoholic fatty liver; Abdominal ultrasound; Obesity; Transaminases.

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