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Anales de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas (Asunción)

versión impresa ISSN 1816-8949


RIVEROS RIOS, M. Bioethical aspects from the personalist vision of spirituality in the management of people in the health area. An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) [online]. 2017, vol.50, n.1, pp.25-50. ISSN 1816-8949.


As a general rule all health workers have been modeled by the scientific paradigm of modernity that has made a drastic separation between body and mind and between human and nature. But because it has not been considered in the approach of spirituality in healthy patients or with pathologies that do not necessarily threaten life? This question must be answered both holistically and as part of the ethics of care. It is not possible to separate the human being by taking care of it only in the biological or psychological, the spiritual aspect has to be approached.


To determine which aspects of bioethics are related to spirituality in the management of patients.

Patient and Methods:

qualitative study through Systematic Review of medical literature published in the following search engines: scielo, HINARI, pubmed, review of published articles and manuals Of Bioethics and Spirituality, review of publications in congress, conferences on Bioethics and Spirituality.


The total number of articles identified was 101 (MEDLINE) and 135 (CINAHL). After sifting, the compilation of other articles that speak about an aspect of spirituality, but not the term itself (eg, hope); The accomplishment of manual searches in bibliographies or referred by his companions that are not in the search of the original literature, 58 articles were considered pertinent and are discussed here in the thematic analysis. Researchers, who are in this field, inevitably suggest studying spirituality from a more qualitative perspective, arguing that because spirituality has to be experienced it can not be measured. McGrath's words embody the central idea of this perspective, "conceptually, spirituality can not be understood as an independent entity that is measured and recorded "Researchers have to be open to the myriad ways in which individuals construct meaning" the spiritual needs of palliative care patients the nature of hope in palliative care; Tools and therapies related to spirituality; Effects of religion on palliative care; And spirituality and palliative care professionals. Other studies have reported that spirituality and related aspects (eg, prayer, meditation) have had a positive effect on: chronic pain; Psoriasis in patients receiving phototherapy; Immune function; Fewer adverse effects in cardiac patients; Greater social support and fewer depressive symptoms among geriatric patients; Increased physical and mental health.


there is no evidence that spirituality is related to the health and quality of life of people, to explore them, to work them produces a good in the person of the patient, seen in its totality as being worthy in any circumstance, So it is ethical to have to address it properly.

Palabras clave : transcendence; meaning of life; existential emptiness; spiritual crisis; and spirituality..

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