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Anales de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas (Asunción)

Print version ISSN 1816-8949


CANETE, F  and  UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE ASUNCION, PARAGUAY. Cátedra de Salud Pública, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas et al. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF OBESITY IN PARAGUAY/font. An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) [online]. 2016, vol.49, n.2, pp.17-26. ISSN 1816-8949.

ABSTRACT Introduction: Paraguay has not escaped from the global epidemic of obesity. This study described the prevalence and socio-demographic, clinical and behavioral determinants associated to obesity. Methods: Cross-sectional study with a nationally representative survey, included people among 15 and 74 years old. The sampling was probabilistic, three-stage without replacement. STEPSwise was the methodology and survey applied during June-September 2011. Obesity was considered a body mass index (BMI) =30 kg/m2. This value was distributed by sociodemographic, clinical, and behavioral variables. A logistic regression among obesity and variables was estimated for obtain odd ratios (OR) with confidence intervals of 95%(95% CI) of association. Results: 2501 participants were included. Were obese 23.5%, men and women were 20.2% and 26.0%, respectively. In addition to gender, showed significant differences: 35 years-old 3.17(2.11-4.76) than younger; men in urban residence 1.94(1.35-2.79) odds more than those in rural areas. No single men 2.52(1.80-3.53) odds more obese than single; civil servants 2.57(1.57-4.26) odds more than other jobs. Low physical activity 1.75(1.19-2.57) odds were more obese than a acceptable physical activity. In mans with the top income quintile showed 3.87(2.17-6.92) more obesity than the bottom quintile. In women, low educational level was 2.01(1.43-2.83) odds more than a higher.Conclusions: The observed pattern of obesity distribution in Paraguay described some behaviors and obesogenic environments. These results serve to take decisions and specific interventions in public health, beyond the population measures. Key Words:obesity, lifestyle, determinants of health.

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