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Anales de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas (Asunción)

versión impresa ISSN 1816-8949


GOMEZ CANTORE, José Aníbal  y  FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS MEDICAS UNA. Comisión Local de Aseguramiento de laCalidad - Proyecto de Innovación Curricular et al. ABOUT THE OBTAINMENT OF DEMANDS AND NEEDS TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF A QUALITY ASSURANCE SYSTEM IN MEDICAL TRAINING. An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) [online]. 2016, vol.49, n.1, pp.85-104. ISSN 1816-8949.

ABSTRACT Given that the assessment in the FCM-UNA is expressed through a set of rules and regulations that reduce it to a mere formality, and not having clear policies that will provide a benchmark assessment framework; it becomes extremely important to know the perception of teachers on their evaluation processes. In order to approach this institutional need and contribute to the solution, we have developed a qualitative research, with a hermeneutic approach and comprehensive/phenomenological interest. The study population were university teachers of the UNA; particularly, the sample was consisted of the academics of the FCM-UNA, because the object of study is the perception of teachers of the FCM-UNA on the assessment of learning achievements and the fundamental postulation of the problem is that the perception in relation to the assessment it is different depending on experience and academic standards in developing their teaching. Therefore, in this study, six case studies have been determined which served researchers to approach relevant actors because they illustrate and allow to understand the perception of teachers in relation to the assessment of learning achievements. From the research problem, the dimensions determined were: concept, object, way, modality, purpose and evidence of the assessment of learning achievement, the areas are organized and descriptors are built. The techniques used by researchers that suit the purpose of this research are: observation and semi-structured interview. Direct observation was performed by following an exploratory purpose, in order to identify on-site some teaching practices. To achieve a deeper understanding of the problem interviews were conducted in order to collect, characterize, understand, signify, interpret and analyze the speech of teachers. Content analysis is carried out, subordinated to the intent and to the research problem, following different stages: Validation of transcripts and coded data; categorization of information of observations and interviews; production of conglomerates of significants: matrixes; and the interpretation of results. The interpretation of data allowed revealing that no critical reflection on the evaluation process is evident. The perception of this process shows that the educational possibilities of evaluation are put aside in favor of a rather metric and certifying meaning. The emphasis made by some teachers about the benefits of formative assessment is evident, but in practice has been overtaken by the summative evaluation, with ignorance about the real purposes of evaluation, they do not perform feedback. Considering the purpose of the research, recommendations and proposals are made. Key Words:Perception, evaluation, assessment of learning, learning achievement.

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