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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

versão On-line ISSN 1812-9528


PERANOVICH, Andrés Conrado. Social determinants in mortality of waterborne diseases in Argentina at the beginning of the 21st century. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2022, vol.20, n.3, pp.80-88. ISSN 1812-9528.

Waterborne diseases are diseases caused by the consumption of water contaminated with chemical substances and fecal remains of humans or animals containing pathogenic microorganisms. Its importance has been highlighted by different international organizations in relation to the right to universal health, to the point of being contemplated specifically within the action plan of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG, Goal 3.3). Although this group of diseases depends heavily on the population's drinking water supply, there are many factors that also affect water hygiene and sanitation. Therefore, the objective of this work was to determine the importance of different socio-economic and health factors in mortality from waterborne diseases in Argentina, analyzing the geographical distribution and evolution of the data during the first decade of the 21st century. To do this, cause-specific mortality rates were calculated and logistic regressions were performed with selected socioeconomic variables. The results showed a more important linear relationship of these diseases with the lack of health coverage, overcrowding and belonging to a rural area, than with the supply of drinking water.

Palavras-chave : mortality; social determinants of health; waterborne diseases; public health.

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