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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

versão On-line ISSN 1812-9528


MAGGI, Carol et al. Epidemiology of mental disorder in child and adolescent population in pandemic. Emergency service of the psychiatric hospital of Paraguay, period 2020 to 2021. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2022, vol.20, n.3, pp.36-44. ISSN 1812-9528.

Mental disorders in the child and adolescent population are a matter of concern for health agencies, being more evident in times of pandemic. The present work focused on the objective of describing the epidemiology of cases of mental disorders in the child and adolescent population, in the Emergency Service of the Psychiatric Hospital of Asunción Paraguay, between 2020 and 2021. The methodology was a quantitative study, descriptive cross-sectional study, applied to 135 children and adolescents who were hospitalized during the study period, by reviewing medical records. The main results were: 60% women, 96% adolescents, 10% decrease in consultations in 2021 compared to 2020, the main reasons for consultation were behavior change 40%, self-aggression 27% and aggressiveness/irritability 22%, 42% had a family pathological history: 23% required hospitalization, 73% had a psychiatric diagnosis. The five main psychiatric conditions in the sample were major depression 21%, personality disorders 16%, brief psychotic disorder 13%, multi-substance use disorders 13%, and non-organic psychosis 11%. Abuse occurred in 7.4% and 90% of them were women. With the work it was evidenced that mental disorders in this population have similar characteristics to those of other investigations related to the subject in relation to sex, reason for consultation, frequent pathologies and abuse; being one of the main ones related to conduct disorders.

Palavras-chave : Adolescence; mental disorders; pandemic.

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