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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

versão On-line ISSN 1812-9528


PINEDA, Daysi; PAREDES, Berta; RUSSOMANDO, Graciela  e  SANCHEZ, Zunilda. Chagas disease: Risk of transmission by secondary species of triatomines captured in the entomological surveillance stage in the two regions of Paraguay. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2022, vol.20, n.2, pp.77-84. ISSN 1812-9528.

The main intradomiciliary vector of Trypanosoma cruzi in the Southern Cone of Latin America has been Triatoma infestans. In the last decade, the decrease in transmission of the disease by this species has been declared in endemic areas. T. cruzi interacts with wild triatomines and mammalian reservoirs, therefore there is a permanent risk of invasion of dwellings by secondary species such as T. sordida and native to jungle foci such as: T. guasayana, T. guasu, Panstrongilus geniculatus, P. megistus that should be monitored to avoid the process of colonization of dwellings. The objective of the study was to evaluate the potential risk of transmission of Chagas disease by secondary triatomine species captured in the entomological surveillance stage in endemic areas of the Eastern and Western regions of the country. Molecular techniques associated with entomological indicators were applied to a total of 759 specimens of 4 species of triatomines captured in the two regions. Colonization of 19% by the species T. sordida was detected in dwellings of the department of Concepción. At least one specimen of the species T. guasayana, T. guasu, P. geniculatus considered species of the jungle environment was captured in each department in the intradomiciliary environment. Of the total number of specimens analyzed (759), 17 were detected with natural infection with T. cruzi (2.2%), of which 2 were of P. geniculatus and 1 of T. guasayana both from intradomiciliary environment. These findings show that there is a potential risk of transmission of T. cruzi by these triatomine species.

Palavras-chave : triatomines; secondary species; natural infection; T. cruzi.

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