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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

versão On-line ISSN 1812-9528


ORTIZ GALEANO, Ignacio et al. Progression of the determinants of cardiovascular risk factors in students of the National University of Asunción-Paraguay. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2022, vol.20, n.1, pp.64-72. ISSN 1812-9528.

Cardiovascular risk factors begin at an early age of life and cause premature morbidity and mortality. The progression of arterial hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors in students of the National University of Asunción-Paraguay was evaluated. Descriptive study in which two cross-sectional measurements (year 2013 and 2017) were compared. Two hundred eighty-four university students were studied at the beginning and 240 at the end of their careers. Sociodemographic, anthropometric, blood pressure, biochemical determinations, alcohol and tobacco consumption were measured. Blood pressure was classified according to the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. The t-Student test was applied for continuous variables and Chi square for categorical variables and logistic regression for association between hypertension and cardiovascular risk factors. Hypertension was found in the 2013 group in 6.7% (95% CI: 3.4-10%) of the students and in the 2017 group in 21.2% (95% CI: 17.8-24, 6%) of the students (p = <0.001). In men, there was an increase in the tendency of decreased c-HDL, increased triglycerides, alcohol consumption and insulin resistance index (p <0.05), and in women an increase in alcohol consumption, sedentary habits and insulin resistance index (p <0.05). There was an association of hypertension with increased abdominal circumference (OR: 15.7; 95% CI: 4.6-53.5; p = <0.001). An increase was found in the tendency of blood pressure and other cardiovascular risk factors in university students.

Palavras-chave : Hypertension; obesity; dyslipidemias; young adults; cardiovascular risk (source MeSH; NLM).

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