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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

versão On-line ISSN 1812-9528

Resumo

CENTURION, Osmar Antonio et al. Role of P wave morphology and dispersion in predicting atrial fibrillation. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2021, vol.19, n.3, pp.96-104. ISSN 1812-9528.  https://doi.org/10.18004/mem.iics/1812-9528/2021.019.03.96.

The anisotropic characteristics caused by a pathological atrial myocardium can play an important role in the creation of reentry circuits by causing discontinuous and inhomogeneous impulse propagation in the atrial myocardium. This altered atrial myocardium can lead to unidirectional block, conduction delay, and reentrant atrial rhythms. Under these conditions, the P wave of the electrocardiogram (ECG) can demonstrate alterations that can be associated with atrial arrhythmias and atrial fibrillation (AF). The P-wave dispersion (PD) is considered a non-invasive ECG marker for atrial remodeling and is a sensitive and specific predictor of the development of AF. Increased P wave duration and PD have been shown to reflect prolonged atrial conduction time within the right atrium and between both atria, and discontinuous, inhomogeneous atrial propagation of sinus impulses. A cutoff value of 40 ms for PD was shown to have a sensitivity of 83%, a specificity of 85%, and a positive predictive value of 89% for the identification of patients with a history of isolated paroxysmal AF. Patients with abnormal P wave morphology and P wave dispersion on the ECG are highly susceptible to developing AF because they have abnormally prolonged and fractionated atrial endocardial electrograms, significantly longer P wave duration, and significantly longer intra-atrial and inter-atrial conduction time, and a higher incidence of sustained atrial fibrillation induction.

Palavras-chave : P wave dispersion; Atrial fibrillation; interatrial conduction.

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