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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

On-line version ISSN 1812-9528


TOUCHET, Nancy Melgarejo et al. First report of double carbapenemases-producing Enterobacterales in hospitals of Paraguay. Year 2021. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2021, vol.19, n.3, pp.35-43. ISSN 1812-9528.

Carbapenemases are widely distributed in our country, both in fermenting and non-fermenting gram-negative bacilli. During 2021, an increase in strains with these enzymes has been reported. In order to evaluate the double production of carbapenemases in Enterobacterales and communicate their circulation, a multiple conventional PCR was set up. Retrospective study carried out in 128 isolates from 20 collaborating centers of the National AMR Surveillance Network (Capital, Central and interior of the country), sent to the LCSP between February and September 2021, for confirmation and genotyping of carbapenemases. Phenotypic and colorimetric tests were performed with specific substrates, as well as genotypic tests (multiple conventional PCR) for the simultaneous detection of several resistance genes (blaNDM, blaKPC, blaOXA-48-like, blaIMP and blaVIM). Of the 128 isolates studied, 107 corresponded to Klebsiella pneumoniae, 14 to Enterobacter cloacae complex, among others; isolated in higher frequency from urine (30%), respiratory (30%), blood and catheter (24%) samples. The genes for resistance to carbapenems detected were: blaNDM (77.3%), blaKPC (17.2%); the double production of carbapenemases was confirmed in 7 isolates (5.5%) from 4 different centers in the capital of the country and one in Central; 6 of them (K. pneumoniae) with blaNDM + blaKPC and 1 (E. cloacae complex) with blaNDM + blaOXA-48-like; confirming circulation of double Enterobacterales producers of carbapenemases in the country (KPC + NDM and OXA + NDM); findings that require the provision of detection capabilities, so that timely and effective containment and control measures can be taken.

Keywords : Antimicrobial resistance; carbapenemase; double production; blaNDM; blaKPC; bla OXA -48-like; Enterobacterales; Paraguay.

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