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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

On-line version ISSN 1812-9528

Abstract

AMARILLA, Elsa; FERNANDEZ, Álvaro; AVEIRO-ROBALO, Telmo Raúl  and  SAMUDIO, Margarita. Epidemiological profile of children aged 2-5 years with burns admitted to the Centro Nacional del Quemado y Cirugías Reconstructivas “Dr. Arnaldo Bendlin” in the period 2019-2020. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2021, vol.19, n.1, pp.9-17. ISSN 1812-9528.  https://doi.org/10.18004/mem.iics/1812-9528/2021.019.01.9.

Burns are injuries produced in living tissue by the action of various physical agents: thermal, electrical, radiant, chemical, caustic, biological agents, among others. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiological characteristics of male and female children aged 2 - 5 years admitted to the Centro Nacional del Quemado y Cirugías Reconstructivas “Dr. Arnaldo Bendlin” in the city of Asunción, Paraguay in the period 2019-2020. An observational, descriptive study consisting in a retrospective review of medical records of children between 2 and 5 years of age who suffered burns and consulted at the Centro Nacional del Quemado y Cirugías Reconstructivas “Dr. Arnaldo Bendlin” between 2019 and 2020 was carried out. A total of 338 patients were studied, 299 (54.4%) were male, 131 (38.8%) were 2 years old and 215 (63.6%) were from the Central department. In 255 (75.4%) patients, the source of the burn was hot liquid, in 118 (34.9%) the injury was in the lower limbs and 276 (81.7%) had second-degree burns. In 323 (95.6%), the burn occurred in their own home, 337 (99.7%) received medical treatment and 8 (2.4%) balneotherapy. The majority of the cases had second-degree burns and was caused by hot liquids. The most common location was in the lower limbs. It is urgent to implement educational programs in schools, community centers and the media since a large part of the accidents occurred in the domestic environment and can be prevented.

Keywords : Burns; children; pediatrics; accidents; skin.

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