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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

On-line version ISSN 1812-9528


DA SILVA-TELLES NICHELE, Cíntia  and  PACHECO-FERREIRA, Aldo. International human rights treaties: effects on women's health. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2020, vol.18, n.3, pp.55-66. ISSN 1812-9528.

This article examines the effects of international human rights treaties related to women's health. The objective was to analyze the relationship between the ratification of the Convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women (CEDAW) and the Optional Protocol to that Convention (OP-CEDAW) and the results of sexual violence against women by partner and non-partner, maternal mortality rate and life expectancy for women at birth. It used a quantitative, descriptive and cross-sectional method. Regarding sexual violence against women, the degree of adherence to the treaties and the prevalence of this type of violence were compared. Regarding the maternal mortality rate and life expectancy at birth, the correlations were constructed using the linear least squares method. The study involved the universe of countries, which were grouped according to the regional division of the WHO. As a result, these three indicators were found to have improved over time in all regions in the period after the ratification of both treaties. However, it was not been possible to associate such advances with the increase in the number of countries that have joined the treaties. Therefore, it should be recognized that the ratification of a treaty represents only the beginning of the commitment to human rights.

Keywords : women’s health; human rights; international cooperation; public health; non-discrimination.

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