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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

On-line version ISSN 1812-9528


RODRIGUEZ HIZMERI, Edgardo; PIZARRO MENA, Rafael  and  DURAN AGUERO, Samuel. Relationship between perceived Social Support, Severity of Insomnia and Daytime Sleepiness in Elderly. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2020, vol.18, n.3, pp.34-42. ISSN 1812-9528.

Social support is an important protective factor for the health of elderly (E).Likewise, good sleep is fundamental for their well-being and functionality, being sleep disorder an important public health problem in this age group. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between perceived social support, insomnia and daytime sleepiness in elderly residents of Chillán, Chile. A quantitative, non-experimental, correlational, cross-sectional study was carried out. The Chilean version of the Perceived Social Support Scale (MOS), the Index of severity of insomnia (ISI) and the Daytime Sleepiness Scale of Epworth was applied to elderly belonging to community groups. Two hundred two elderly of both sexes were interviewed, age 72.3 ± 6.2 years. There were positive correlations between schooling and severity of insomnia (p <0.05) and between severity of insomnia and somnolence (p< 0.001). In addition, there were negative correlations between severity of insomnia and perceived social support, both globally and by dimensions (p <0.05). The dimension "Positive social interaction" also correlates negatively with daytime sleepiness. The elderly participants of the study who presented a high level of social support had a lower prevalence and severity of insomnia.

Keywords : Elderly; social support; sleep; insomnia; daytime sleepiness.

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