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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

On-line version ISSN 1812-9528


MAIDANA-DE ZARZA, Aida et al. Self-care in nursing professional with regard to the use of the footwear. Hospital de Clínicas, San Lorenzo-Paraguay. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2020, vol.18, n.3, pp.24-33. ISSN 1812-9528.

The objective was to analyze if the nursing professional applied self-care in the use of footwear during working hours. It was an observational, analytical, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. The population was constituted by 1,037 nursing professionals from the Hospital de Clínicas, a public institution, located in the city of San Lorenzo, Paraguay. The sample included 366 nursing professionals and the sampling wasprobabilistic while the selection of the multistage sample with simple random sampling. Descriptive statistics and Chi2 were applied to determine associations.

The most relevant findings were that they were mainly in the age group of 24 to 48 years with an average of 35 years, single, with a career of 10 years, more than one job and from the emergency service. Only 11.7% referred to know the anatomical footwear, however, 50.2% used it. More than 60% did not take into account characteristics of the anatomical footwear at the time of purchase, among other aspects related to using it during working hours. The greatest number (40%) of musculoskeletal disorders were concentrated in the age group from 31 to 35 years. In conclusion, the nursing professional uses the right footwear in a loss-making way. In addition, evidence was found of an association between the type of footwear used and the number of musculoskeletal disorders that each individual presents.

Keywords : Self-care; nursing professional; footwear; musculoskeletal disorder.

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