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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

On-line version ISSN 1812-9528


FERNANDEZ, Jonás et al. Evaluation of primers reported for KDR detection in Anopheles species collected in the departments of Caaguazú and Alto Paraná in Paraguay. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2020, vol.18, n.2, pp.27-32. ISSN 1812-9528.

KDR mutations in the sodium channel gene (VGSC) have already been detected in at least 13 species of Anopheles mosquitoes, mostly African species, but the molecular techniques for detection in Latin American species have yet to be determined. In our country, Anopheles darlingi species is the main vector of Malaria, and A. albitarsis, the secondary vector. We used samples of Anoheles from the species A. strodei, A. albitarsis, A. fluminensis, A. evansae, A. nuneztovari, A. nyssorhynchela lutzi and A. oswaldoi collected at the departments of Caaguazú and Alto Paraná in Paraguay. For the amplification and sequentiation, primers reported for the VGSC gen of A. strodei in Guatemala were used and were specific only for A. strode in this case. The sequence revealed the TTA codon that codifies for a leucine as the TTG sequence, reported for the susceptible version at position L1014. The amplified fragment is approximately 225 base pairs. To our knowledge, this is the first characterization of the VGSC gene in Anopheles mosquitoes in Paraguay and for the species A. strodei.

Keywords : Anopheles; PCR; Voltage-gated sodium channel (VGSC); KDR polymorphism; A. strode.

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