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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

versão On-line ISSN 1812-9528


ROMERO VALLEJOS, Anyelo David  e  RODRIGUEZ-RIVEROS, María Isabel. Knowledge and non-pharmacological interventions to reduce neonatal pain and stress. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2019, vol.17, n.3, pp.34-40. ISSN 1812-9528.

Pain is a disgusting sensorial and emotional experience, produced by potential or real tissue damage, and described in that way by the person who suffers. Nevertheless, newborns cannot communicate it. This means that pain experience is subjective and implies the expression of an emotional component. Stress is a real threat or perceived as such, provoking a disturbance on the dynamic equilibrium between the organism and the medium. The study had as objective to determinate the knowledge and non-pharmacological interventions of the professional nurse in order to reduce neonatal pain and stress at the Hospital de Clínicas in Paraguay during 2016. This was an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study with quantitative approach. The population consisted of 36 nurses which were selected by non-probabilistic convenience sampling. The method was the survey, using the interview and the questionnaire as the instrument. The data was tabulated on Microsoft Excel 2010 electronic spreadsheets and analyzed by Epi Info Then, tables and graphics were developed from the results elaborated in Microsoft Excel. The majority was between 31 and 40 years old, females predominated and has between 1 to 10 year careers. It was identified that a reduced group knew non-pharmacological interventions and a high percentage practiced them. These results reflect knowledge deficiency and empirical acquisition of practices.

Palavras-chave : Pain; stress; neonate; non-pharmacological interventions.

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