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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

On-line version ISSN 1812-9528


MEZA-MIRANDA, Eliana; NUNEZ, Beatriz Elizabeth; SERAFINI, María  and  VACCHETTA, Antonella. Food habits and nutritional status in diabetic patients with retinopathy that attend a private Ophthalmological Clinic of the city of Asunción. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2019, vol.17, n.2, pp.64-70. ISSN 1812-9528.

Diabetic retinopathy (RD) is a chronic microvascular complication specific to diabetes. It is an important cause of visual loss in adults, with significant medical, social and financial consequences. The objective was to evaluate the dietary habits and nutritional status in diabetic patients with retinopathy who attend the Clínica Vista 10 in the city of Asunción between September and November of 2018. This was a descriptive, observational cross-sectional study The majority of the population studied was female (n = 33, 65%), the mean age was 62.8 ± 11.3 years, 66% (n = 33) was married and the highest percentage was presented primary education level (n = 20, 40%). According to the classification of the place of origin, most lived in Gran Asunción (n = 46, 92%). Regarding the frequency of food consumption, it was found that almost the entire population made breakfast (96%), 70% consumed low-fat dairy products less than the recommended amount. Only 20% consumed fruits every day. A little more than half (52%) consumed vegetables every day, 70% consumed fish below the established recommendations and 78% consumed legumes less than the recommended amount. More than half (58%) consumed whole food below the recommendations, 54% consumed home-cooked food every day and 56% made dinner every day. More than half of the population was overweight or obese. The habits of the population are deficient, in relation to the consumption of fruits, dairy products according to the recommendations of the Food Guides of Paraguay.

Keywords : retinopathy; dietary habits; diabetes.

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