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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

On-line version ISSN 1812-9528

Abstract

PACHECO-FERREIRA, Aldo et al. Compulsory commitment of crack users for addiction treatment: A systematic review of the literature. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2019, vol.17, n.1, pp.113-124. ISSN 1812-9528.  http://dx.doi.org/10.18004/mem.iics/1812-9528/2019.017(01)113-124.

The study aimed to discuss the conflicts of compulsory commitment of crack users. A systematic review was conducted on compulsory treatment. The search was conducted in databases: Scopus, PubMed, SciELO, Web of Science, Elsevier and Medline, as well as in Google and Google Scholar, from 2000 to 2017. The primary endpoint of interest was the use of post-treatment drugs. The secondary outcome of interest was post-treatment criminal recidivism. Of a total of 448 potential studies identified, twelve studies met the inclusion criteria. It was denoted that compulsory hospitalization, besides being aggressive and an ineffective treatment, constitutes a way of eliminating the unwanted, constituting a hygienist practice that violates human rights.

Keywords : crack cocaine; addictive behavior; forensic toxicology; human rights; health policy; social control; public health.

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