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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

On-line version ISSN 1812-9528

Abstract

CUEVAS, Raquel et al. Self-medication profile of employees in a pharmaceutical industry. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2019, vol.17, n.1, pp.99-112. ISSN 1812-9528.  http://dx.doi.org/10.18004/mem.iics/1812-9528/2019.017(01)99-112.

Self-medication is a risky practice with consequences that include masking a disease, occurrence of adverse reactions, drug interactions, increased resistance to certain types of drugs and drug dependence. The objective was to determine the self-medication profile of employees in a pharmaceutical industry. A descriptive, observational study, with non-probabilistic convenience sampling was conducted from October to November 2015, in 61 employees working in a pharmaceutical industrial plant. They were mostly women with ages between 20 and 30 years. Ninety seven percent of the used drugs, 53% self-medicated for minor pathologies and 90.3% did it according to need using a mixture of analgesics and anti-inflammatories. Among the most frequent reasons, 58% said they did not have time to go to the doctor and 42% said that a family member or friend suggested the medication to be taken. Of the self-medicating employees, 74% believed that advertising is not important for choosing a drug, 81% used the information in the prospectus, 48% did not receive information about the drug in the drugstore and 93% considered that self-medication is dangerous. Self-medication is a common practice in the population studied and in their immediate social environment, despite the fact that most of the population understands that self-medication is a risky practice.

Keywords : self medication; pharmaceutical preparations; rational use of drugs; pharmacist.

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