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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

On-line version ISSN 1812-9528

Abstract

ORTIZ, Analía et al. Prevalence of syphilis and characteristics of the behavior of indigenous young people of Paraguay, 2016. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2018, vol.16, n.3, pp.51-57. ISSN 1812-9528.  https://doi.org/10.18004/mem.iics/1812-9528/2018.016(03)51-057.

The objective was to determine the prevalence of syphilis and behavioral characteristics of indigenous youth of Paraguay in 2016. An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out with multistage stratified probabilistic sampling. Indigenous youth aged 15 to 18 from five linguistic families living in Paraguay were included. A structured questionnaire was used and a rapid treponemal test was used for the syphilis screening. The results are expressed in measures of central tendency, dispersion and proportions. Five hundred forty six young people from 15 to 18 years old entered the study, 67.03% was female. There were 36 cases of syphilis detected, resulting in a prevalence of 6.6% [95% CI: 4.7-9.0]. Young people who consumed alcohol in the last sexual intercourse 20.6% (14/68) (p = 0.000), transactional sex 40% (2/5) (p = 0.010) and non-use of condom 20.6% (14/68) (p = 0.000) had higher prevalence of syphilis. We found a high prevalence of syphilis in the indigenous juvenile population related to drinking alcohol during the last relationship, practice of transactional sex and the non-use of condoms. Specific strategies should be implemented with an intercultural approach appropriate for a young population, aimed at reducing risk practices and promoting the use of condoms.

Keywords : sexually transmitted diseases; health of indigenous people; epidemiology.

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