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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

versión On-line ISSN 1812-9528

Resumen

CUSIHUAMAN-PUMA, Antonio Ulises et al. Family dysfunction and its impact in the adolescent. Rosa Mística Neighborhood - Paraguay, 2012. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2018, vol.16, n.3, pp.22-29. ISSN 1812-9528.  https://doi.org/10.18004/mem.iics/1812-9528/2018.016(03)22-029.

The integral health of the adolescent is in a direct relationship to the biopsychosocial wellbeing of the family. Family dysfunction, as an unbalanced factor in the family, is associated with negative results during adolescence, both behavioral and health. An observational and descriptive study was carried out. The purpose was to describe the frequency of family dysfunction and the impact in the adolescents as a vulnerable group within the families of Rosa Mística neighborhood, Mariano Roque Alonso - 2012. A population census was used to identify the possible biopsychosocial and familiar risks of that community. The clinical history and the Family APGARs were used as valid instruments in a group of adolescent residents of Rosa Mística neighborhood which is into the jurisdiction of the “Virgen de Guadalupe Family Health Unit”, where they attended for medical consultation, with previous consent of the adolescents and their parents. One hundred and forty eight adolescents were studied, the frequency of severe family dysfunction was 2.0% (Family APGAR<3) while 57.0% of mild and moderate family dysfunction (Family APGAR familiar 4-7). There was some kind of family dysfunction in these studied families (Family APGAR mild to severe). Risk factors identified were the degree of marital instability of the parents, family structure, adolescent pregnancy, need to work of the adolescents because of economic problems forcing them to give up school in some cases, high probability of adolescents to smoke or drink alcohol, all of these risk factors that affect the biopsychosocial health of the adolescents.

Palabras clave : adolescent; risk factors; family APGAR; primary health care.

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