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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

versión On-line ISSN 1812-9528

Resumen

RIOS-GONZALEZ, Carlos Miguel et al. Risk practices for HIV transmission among medical students in Latin America and the Caribbean, 2017. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2018, vol.16, n.2, pp.49-54. ISSN 1812-9528.  https://doi.org/10.18004/mem.iics/1812-9528/2018.016(02)49-054.

The objective was to determine the risk practices for HIV transmission among medical students from Latin America and the Caribbean from January to February 2017. This was an observational descriptive cross-sectional study with non-probabilistic sampling for convenience in medical students from Latin America and the Caribbean that was carried out from January to February 2017. Medical students were selected from the first to the seventh year of the career. The electronic questionnaire was published in social networks using Google Doc ©. The data were expressed in tables of frequencies. Six hundred and thirty eight medical students were included, 67.08% (428) with ages between 20 and 24 years. Of the total number of respondents, 56.02% had anal sex, 88.65% had oral sex, and 57.06% had vaginal sex in the last 6 months. The 24.43% of the respondents have never used a condom during their sexual relations, 3.49% have paid for sex, 27.57% drank alcohol during sex, and 4.36% have had sex with intravenous drug users while 63.88% have never had a quick test for HIV. The most frequent risk practices were the low condom use during the last sexual intercourse, the use of alcohol during intercourse and the low HIV test performance.

Palabras clave : HIV; risk management; medical students.

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