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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

On-line version ISSN 1812-9528


INSFRAN FALCON, Andrea; ESCOBAR ARIAS, Patricia  and  MEZA MIRANDA, Eliana. Healthy lifestyle assessment in obese patients who attend a reference hospital. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2018, vol.16, n.1, pp.45-53. ISSN 1812-9528.

One of the greatest challenges in the treatment of obesity is to achieve a significant decrease in time and maintained weight. Therefore, to have healthy lifestyles is a cornerstone in the treatment of obesity and thereby reduce the risks of comorbidities associated with obesity. The objective was to assess healthy lifestyles in obese patients attending the Integrated Management Unit of Obese Patients of the Hospital de Clinicas between May and July 2016. Cross-sectional descriptive observational study, not probabilistic sampling of consecutive cases. Seventy five obese subjects who were between 18 and 60 years old participated in this study. The lifestyle questionnaire related to overweight and obesity and instrument data collector provided a brief medical history of the subjects and was used for the assessment of healthy lifestyles. It was found a higher percentage (68%; n=51) of subjects that required changes in lifestyle, they were mostly female and had type III obesity. Regarding the results obtained in each dimension of the questionnaire the following average scores in descending order were: CA? (4,62±0,58), AS? (4,09±0,66), CC? (3,45±0,77), BP? (3,10±1,17) and EF? (3,02 ±1,35). I It was found a higher percentage of patients that required changes in lifestyle, despite medical, nutritional and behavioral treatment they received in the Unit. This could indicate the necessity to strengthen the strategies for the treatment of obesity, which should include changes in lifestyle as a first option.

Keywords : obesity; lifestyle; assessment.

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